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Planting guide

Planting & watering

Quick reference

When planting seedlings of various varieties, it's important to follow a general guide that ensures their healthy growth and development. Here are the key steps to consider:

Pick Up and Thawing

  • Collect your seedlings promptly from the post office or delivery point to avoid adverse conditions.
  • If seedlings are frozen upon arrival, allow them to thaw completely in a cool, dark place.

Moisture and Temperature Control

  • Keep the seedlings moist. Avoid exposing them to heat or direct blowing air.
  • If the roots seem dry, you can briefly submerge them in water for a few minutes, but no longer than 2 hours.
  • Regulate temperature to avoid drastic changes. Keep seedlings out of direct sunlight and prevent them from refreezing.

Site Selection

  • Choose a site with appropriate climate conditions for your seedlings.
  • Avoid frozen ground and ensure there's enough space for growth, considering nearby structures and buried services.
  • Ensure the soil is neither too wet nor too dry and that the site receives sufficient sunlight.

Preparing the Area

  • Clear grass and weeds in a radius of at least 30cm (12 inches) around the planting spot.
  • If the soil is compacted, loosen it with appropriate tools.
  • Consider preparing the site a few days in advance if planting a large number of seedlings.

Digging the Hole

  • For bareroot stock, make sure the hole is large enough to accommodate the roots naturally.
  • For container stock, the hole should fit the plug and allow for some extra space to loosen and mix the surrounding soil.

Soil Amendment (Optional)

You may add bonemeal or potting soil to enhance growth, following the package instructions.


  • Plant the seedling with the stem upright and root collar at ground level.
  • For bareroot seedlings, ensure roots are spread out naturally.
  • For container seedlings, ensure the plug is properly placed without bending.
  • Fill the hole, pressing the soil firmly around the stem.
  • It is important to stake all small trees and snuggly tie to the stake for 1 year to ensure a straight trunk.
  • If you want a single stem tree, you must prune the tree to a single whip.


  • Water the area thoroughly after planting.
  • For the first 6 weeks, water every 2 days. Then adjust as necessary for your climate and soil conditions.

Mulching and Weed Control

  • Use mulches like straw, wood shavings, or polymulch to reduce moisture loss and control weeds.
  • Avoid using herbicides unless specifically recommended.

Ongoing Care

Monitor and maintain your seedlings regularly, adjusting care as needed based on growth, weather conditions, and specific needs of the plant species.